The Forbes article Hack Work To Combine Peak Performance and Personal Purpose has a fascinating chart that compares 20th century jobs with 21st century work.
Developed by future of work expert Ayelet Baron, the chart (shown below) nicely summarizes many of the shifts and trends we follow.
According to the article the key shift is towards self-management. Key quote:
If you look closely, one common element emerges: rather than trying to orchestrate work and process flow to great detail, it would be easier to get more done if we emphasize self-managing one’s work.
Self-management is the key reason many people choose to become self-employed and/or become independent workers.
Self-managing means you have autonomy, control and flexible over where and how you work - which are the big 3 reasons people choose to become independent workers.